Zululand 9 January Level 1 Mick Kelly Park
20 February 7's Mick Kelly Park
28 March Level 1 Mick Kelly Park
26 June Level 1 Mick Kelly Park
23 October Level 1 Mick Kelly Park
25-27 November Level 2 Mick Kelly Park
Southern KZN 5/6 April Level 1 Margate
12/13 August 7's Margate
23-25 September Level 2 Margate
Pietermaritzburg 18/19 February Level 1 Woodburn Stadium
18/19 & 25/26 March Level 2 Woodburn Stadium
29/30 July 7's Woodburn Stadium
16/17 September Level 1 Woodburn Stadium
4/5 & 11/12 November Level 2 Woodburn Stadium
Northern KZN 15/16 February Level 2 Arbor Park
7 June 7's Arbor Park
8 November Level 1 Arbor Park
Durban 4/5 February Level 1 Kings Park
4/5 & 11/12 March Level 2 Kings Park
1/2 April Level 1 Kings
24/25 June 7's Kings Park
5/6 August 7's Kings Park
2/3 September Level 1 Kings Park
7/8 & 14/15 October Level 2 Kings Park

BokSmart Coaching Courses

Boksmart courses are held by Archie Sehlako every month and the next workshop will take place at 6pm on 20 January, 2015 at the Basil Medway room at Growthpoint KINGS PARK. Archie can be contacted on

BokSmart Courses 2015
20 January 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
20 February 2015, Kearsney High School 14h00
23 February 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
23 March 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
20 April 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
25 May 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
22 June 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
27 July 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00
24 August 2015, Growthpoint Kings Park 18h00

In addition to the listed courses, any school or club (if they have a minimum of 16 coaches) can liaise with their Coaching Association and relevant IRB educator to organise their own private course. This must be approved by the IRB Provincial Manager beforehand.

Coach Education Process
1. Any person wanting to coach in South Africa, has to become Boksmart Accredited. Should they not have this accreditation, they will NOT be allowed to coach anywhere until such accreditation has been completed.
2. The next step is to complete the 2-day (in some instances 1 full day) IRB Level 1 course. All coaches are expected to complete a 6 match week coaching diary and will be assessed once this is complete. This course carries an attendance certificates only, but is compulsory to complete before a Level 2 course.
3. The final phase of the coach education run in KZN, is to complete the IRB Level 2 course. This course is run over 3-evenings and equips one to coach at a higher level.

Please note the following:
Boksmart Each coach will be issued with a Boksmart card with his number on it. As there is a backlog with the issuing of these cards, please note that you can use your ID. Number to confirm you are Boksmart accredited should a referee official request your card.

IRB Courses Certification will be received by this Union between 8-10 weeks after the course is completed. Please be patient as there is sometimes a delay with these certificates as they are processed at the IRB headquarters in Ireland.

All coaches attending the IRB Level 3 must have IRB Level 2 accreditation and appropriate experience (this is a directive from IRB/SARU) however, for appropriately qualified and experienced coaches this can be achieved through a short workshop Recognition for Prior Learning (RPL) and will include a Level 2 course exam, IRB Law Exam and a short induction on the IRB Coach Education format (outcome based).

By 2016 ALL coaches in South Africa MUST have a valid Coaching Licence (IRB Qualification) or they will not be allowed to coach (as per Boksmart Ruling). This is in the final stages of being legislated by government. Total compliance by all parties concerned is expected.

We were hoping to roll out Strength and Conditioning Courses for Coaches and Fitness Trainers in 2013. There is, however, a problem with the course material. Once this has been sorted out, we will advertise dates as to when we will conduct these.

SARU have also introduced an Administrators Course, which will be ready for Presentation in Feb/March. This course carries an NQF Level 5 qualification. You may also contact Carol in this regard.

Workshops on various topics, e.g. Lineout, Scrum, Breakdown Management, Defence, Attack, etc. will also be conducted over the year.

Confirmation of these, dates and costs will be advertised early in 2014 as well.

Note: ALL course enquiries MUST be directed to Carol Reynolds ( as well as the co-ordinator for each sub-union.

IRB Level 1 coaching course = 8 hrs. - Cost is R250
IRB Level 2 coaching course = 16 hrs - Cost is R450
IRB 7's coaching course = 8 hrs - Cost is R250

IRB courses

NB: The Boksmart courses are held by Burton Hufkie on the first Monday of every month. However, these are number specific and will only be conducted should there be a demand of 15 coaches or more. Burton can be contacted on

For any general enquiries regarding coaching courses contact Carol Reynolds - 031 3088400 /

All coaches attending the IRB Level 3 must have IRB Level 2 accreditation and appropriate experience (this is a directive from IRB/SARU) however, for appropriately qualified and experienced coaches this can be achieved through a short workshop Recognition for Prior Learning (RPL) and will include a level 2 course exam, IRB law exam and a short induction on the IRB coach education format (outcome based)

IRB Coach Education: Frequently asked questions

1.What is IRB?
IRB is the acronym of International Rugby Board, who are based in Dublin, Ireland. The IRB determine rules and legislative policies regarding worldwide rugby.

2. Why do I have to be IRB qualified?
SARU and SASCOC have introduced a new coaching pathway, this pathway is based on international coaching practices and allows coaches and rugby bodies to centrally verify a coaches qualifications. It is also beneficial to all coaches to be up to date with the latest coaching practices and research. The coaching pathway gives clearly defined qualifications applicable to the level of player you are coaching and therefore allows you to plan your coaching career more effectively. Unlike any other coaching qualifications, your IRB qualification is recognized internationally.

3. How do I get IRB qualified?
Contact your local Coaching Association IRB representative. They will be able to tell you when the next course suitable to you will be held or visit the Sharks website

4. Do I have to do the level 1 course before I do the level 2.
Not necessarily, If you have been coaching for a number of years and are above primary school level you may fast track onto the IRB level 2 course. You will have to consult with your provincial IRB representative/educator for entry criteria.

5. I am a beginner in rugby coaching and have no background in rugby, do I need any other qualifications to enroll onto the level 1?
No, no other qualifications are required. However, if you have never played or coached rugby at any level we would recommend that you take part in the Beginners guide to rugby course or KZNRU Prelim course before you embark on the Level 1.

6. What is the beginners guide to rugby?
The beginners guide to rugby is a very basic rugby course, it explains the basic roles of the players, coach and referees. It is a good starter course if you have never been involved in rugby before.

7. How long does the IRB Level 1 course last?
The level 1 course is 8+ hours long, it is usually covered over two evenings or on one day.

8. How much does the Level 1 course cost?
R350 per coach. This is payable before or on the first day of the course.

9. How quickly can I enroll on the Level 2 course after completing the level 1?
You may enroll on the level 2 course as soon as you feel you are ready, however, we recommend that you gain some experience beforehand, your IRB educator may want to see your coaching diary from Level 1 before enrolling you.

10. How long does the Level 2 course last?
The level 2 course lasts 16+ hrs and is usually covered over 4 evenings or 2 days. You will be required to complete a 12 week coaching diary before completion of your qualification.

11. How much does the Level 2 course cost?
R500 per coach, payable before or on the first day of the course.

12. When I have finished my coaching course, how soon will I receive my certificate?
When you have passed all the necessary criteria for your coaching course you should receive your certificate in the post within a few weeks for level 1 and after completion and submitting of your 12 week coaching diary for level 2.

13. I have already completed several non IRB coaching courses with my Rugby Union, DO I have to get IRB qualified?
IRB qualification is not compulsory yet, however, SARU & IRB are aiming to have all coaches and referees IRB qualified by 2015. This is in line with standardising all coach education internationally. In 2015, you will require an appropriate IRB qualification for the coaching position you hold.

14. Are there any courses higher than the level 2?
Yes, the IRB level 3 course is now available for coaches who are coaching at LTPD stages 4-5 on the Coaching pathway document.

15. Who can enroll on the Level 3?
The IRB level 3 will be made available to coaches who are currently coaching at stages 4-5 on the coaching pathway, this includes Super rugby, Currie Cup, Vodacom coaches and Directors of Rugby of top tier schools. Enrollment for this is by invitation only from IRB and SARU.

16. I have already completed my KZN level 4 or 5 can I not just be given an IRB level 3 certificate?
Unfortunately not, There is no fast tracking or RPL onto the IRB Level 3, You will first have to attend either an IRB level 2 course or if appropriate a Recognition of Prior Learning (short Level 2) in order to obtain your qualifications. Contact your Provincial educator to find out if you are eligible for RPL (level 2)

17. I am an ambitious coach and want to progress through the ranks of coaching as quickly as I can, is it possible to complete the level 1 & 2 within the same year?
Yes, it is possible, depending on your experience, see question 9.

18. Can I get a coaching job abroad with an IRB qualification?
IRB coaching qualifications are standardized and are recognized worldwide.

19. I am coaching 9 yr olds at my local primary school, what level of qualification do I need?
The beginners guide to rugby may suit you and or the IRB Level 1 and BokSmart.

20. How can I enroll on a course?
Simply contact your local coaching association to find out when the next suitable course is available to you in your area.

21. Do I need to have any other qualifications to coach in South Africa?
Yes, whilst this is not a qualification, all coaches and referees must attend a Boksmart Rugby Safety workshop, this is compulsory, you will not be permitted to coach at any level anywhere in South Africa without being Boksmart accredited.

22. How do I get Boksmart accredited?
Contact your local Coaching association to find out when and where the next available workshop will be held in your area.

23. What do I need to do before the course?
Once enrolled on your IRB course, your IRB Educator will contact you with details of the course along with appropriate instructions, such as, how to pay for your course and how to access and complete the IRB law exam.

24. Is the law exam compulsory?
Yes all level 2 candidates must pass the IRB law exam before completion of the course.

25. How much does the law exam cost to complete?
The law exam is free of charge and can be completed in your own time online at

26. I do not have access to the internet, how do I complete the law exam?
You may request, in advance, a hard copy of the law exam from your educator which you can complete during your course.

27. Do all coaches have to complete the law exam for all courses?
No, only coaches who are undertaking the IRB levels 2 & 3 must pass this exam.

28. Do the IRB offer any other courses?
Yes the IRB offer the following courses: IRB levels 1, 2 & 3. Sevens level 1 & 2, Strength & conditioning levels 1 & 2, refereeing levels 1 & 2.

29. I would like to become a referee, how do I find out about these courses?
Contact your provincial IRB referee education manager. Burton Hufkie on 031 3088 400 or

Boksmart: Frequently asked questions.

1. Why do I need to be Boksmart accredited?
SARU, have launched this new initiative to improve the safety of your players and improve safety standards within coaching in South Africa. You are now legally obliged to have been Boksmart trained before you coach or referee at any age group/level.

2. What if I don't have a Boksmart license and have not been trained?
Contact your local coaching association/Union representative to find out when the next workshop closest to you will be held.

3. What will happen if I do not get Boksmart trained and continue coaching?
This is a serious breach of SARU regulations and best coaching practice. Not only is this course of action illegal but it places the coach and his club/school at risk of litigation should one of your players suffer a serious or catastrophic injury under the supervision of that coach. In addition, there are mandatory sanctions imposed on those who are found to be in breach of these regulations. See SARU regulations on Boksmart rugby safety workshops (amended version June 2011 section 17)

4. What are the front row age regulations for rugby?
Junior rugby is defines as U20 and below, senior rugby is U21 and above. A player, who is aged18 on the 1st day of January of the given season, may play in senior rugby except in the front row positions, in this instance he must be aged 19 on the 1st January in that given season.
In other words, you can play senior rugby if you are aged 18 except for front row positions. You must be 19 or older on the 1st January to be eligible to play front row positions in senior rugby.
If you are 17 or younger on the 1st January, you may not play senior rugby and will not be eligible to play front row in the U20 category. For exceptions and further details of this regulation see SARU regulations for under-aged rugby April 2011

5. What will happen if I play an 18 year old front row player in a senior game?
You and your club/school are in serious breach of regulations. See SARU regulations for under-aged rugby April 2011 for mandatory sanctions.

6. I have an 18 year old front row forward player who I feel is good enough to play senior rugby without risk, can I play him?
There are exceptions to the rule for these circumstances, your player will have to be identified by your provincial union as a potential elite provincial player and will then have to undergo a series of tests, these tests are to establish that he has the skills and attributes necessary to play in this position at this level without undue risk. These tests must be carried out at an approved Boksmart centre and verified by Boksmart before this player can begin training with the senior team. Contact your Provincial Union Boksmart representative for advice and See SARU regulations for under-aged rugby April 2011 for procedures to be followed.

7. I am a coach at my local school, who is responsible for ensuring that I and the other coaches at my school are Boksmart trained?
Your Director of Rugby and your school headmaster are responsible for ensuring that your school implements and abides by all Boksmart/SARU regulations. However, coaches should take the initiative and ensure that they are accredited.

8. How long does the Boksmart license last?
Your license will last for 2 years. At which point you will have to renew your license. Contact your local coaching association and or Boksmart representative to find out where and when the next available workshop is to be held.

9. How much does the workshop cost per coach?
ABSA bank, Chris Burger/Petro Jackson players fund and SARU all sponsor Boksmart, therefore all rugby workshops are free of charge to the participant.

10. How long does the workshop take?
The workshop takes approximately 4.5 - 5hrs inclusive of short breaks. NB: it is compulsory that you attend the entire workshop from start to finish in order to be Boksmart certified.

11. Do I have to book a place at a workshop if I want to attend?
There is usually no need to book, just turn up at the designated time, however, it would be appropriate to inform the relevant trainer of your attendance.

12. What is required of me at the workshop and what should I bring with me?
You will be asked to fill in all your details on a registration form, This registration form asks for information such as your ID number, a valid postal address, contact details and your coaching/refereeing activities. You do not need to bring anything with you, except the willingness to participate.

13. Do I receive anything at the workshop?
Yes. At the end of the workshop you will receive a Boksmart kit, this kit contains an information booklet, pocket sized concussion guidelines and copies of the DVD you will have watched and discussed at the workshop. You will also be given details on how to access a vast amount of coaching and refereeing reference resources on the Boksmart website. Along with joining the Boksmart Facebook page.

14. Who should attend the Boksmart workshop?
It is compulsory for all coaches and referees . It is important however, that all school/club administrators/managers etc attend so that they are fully aware of all the SARU/Boksmart regulations and policies. NB: Only coaches and referees will receive a Boksmart license. All other participants will be registered as having been to the workshop.

15. How do I get Boksmart trained?
Contact your local Coaching association and or Boksmart representative, they will give you information as to when the next workshop will be held. Or visit the website

16. The coaching association and Boksmart rep appear to be unobtainable, where can I get the information I need?
Call your Provincial Union and ask for the Boksmart representative. They will give you the information you require including any updated contact details of your regional representatives.

17. Do the teachers at our school who fill in as referees on match days have to be Boksmart accredited, even though they are not qualified coaches or referees?
Yes, anyone acting as a referee, qualified or not, must be Boksmart accredited.

18. Does this also apply to touch judges/ linesmen?
No, official assistant referees appointed by your union to a game must be accredited. Teachers, parents or players who are filling these positions do not need to be accredited.

19. What are my responsibilities once I have been Boksmart accredited?
Your responsibilities will be explained to you at the workshop by your Boksmart trainer.

20. Who do I ask if I need further information about regulations?
You can get information from the Boksmart website, , your local coaching association representative and your provincial Boksmart representative.

21. What is Boksmart auditing?
Boksmart auditing is a process that your provincial representative will conduct with your school/club to ensure that all regulations are being adhered to. These regulations will be explained during your workshop and should be implemented immediately at your club/school.

22. Who presents the Boksmart workshops?
Your Rugby Union will have a number of Boksmart trainer. These trainers have been work-shopped by SARU in how to present and conduct a Boksmart workshop. Only accredited trainers may present these workshops.

23. Can anyone become a Boksmart trainer?
Boksmart trainers are identified by the Provincial Boksmart representative, these trainers are making a commitment of their time and willingness to correctly spread the Boksmart message to all rugby bodies. Contact your coaching association and or Provincial Boksmart representative for details on how to become a trainer.

24. What is the referee's role within Boksmart?
Referees have a very important role to play. Referees will ensure and document that all Boksmart regulations and protocols are in place and adhered to before a game begins. Should there be a breach of any regulations, the referee will either a) ensure that regulations are in place before the game begins or b) Cancel the fixture. No game will take place unless the referee is satisfied that all protocols are in place.

25. What happens if a game is cancelled due to failure of protocols being in place?
Protocols must then be put into place before the next fixture to avoid another cancellation. Judicial sanctions may apply.

26. The referee allowed the game to go ahead without all protocols being in place.
The province, club/school hosting that match will be declared the losers and forfeit any league points or trophies (where applicable) the visiting team will be awarded with the maximum points/trophies (where applicable) the referee will face a judicial enquiry and appropriate sanctions.

27. When do these regulations come into effect?
The regulations are applicable now and have been since. January 2011.

28. How can we, as a school/club/coach or referee be sure that we are fully compliant in all areas?
See the appropriate Boksmart checklist, if you can tick yes to all sections then you are fully compliant.

29. What happens if I am in breach of Boksmart /SARU regulations?
You will be asked to appear before the judicial committee, who will decide on an appropriate course of action based on the guidelines provided by SARU.

30. I haven't received my card yet, what do I do?
Contact your local coaching association representative. The representative will take the coach/referees name and ID number and contact details, check for your details on the database. If found, you will be given their Boksmart license number immediately. Check that your address on the database is correct.
The representative will collate all postal details and send with an explanatory email to BokSmart H.Q. who will then reissue the missing card.

31. I have changed address.
Contact your local coaching association representative. The representative will take your BokSmart number and change of address detail. These will be passed onto BokSmart HQ for updating their database.

32. My name/ ID number is incorrect on my Boksmart card?
As Q31. And a new license card will be sent to you.

33. I am an administrator/manager, I have been to a Boksmart workshop but I have not received my card.
Only coaches and referees receive the Boksmart card to show on match days, however, should you status change to coach or referee you can then request your card. However, SARU feel that it is very important that all administrators and managers attend Boksmart workshops for information purposes.

34. I am no longer a management/administrator, I now wish to coach/referee, how do I get my Boksmart card?
Contact your BokSmart representative they will change your status to coach/referee and have your License card issued to you.

35. How soon will I receive my card?
In general, cards are issued and in the post within a 4 week period after a) request and b) post workshop. (This of course depends on the amount of requests Boksmart are receiving at this time and the postal service)

36. What if I lose my card?
You may request a replacement, (no charge) Contact your BokSmart representative and ask for a replacement.

37. Should I memorise my card license number?
There is no need to memorise this number as you should be carrying your card at all times during training and or game days, however we do recommend that you key your license number into your phone, so that you always have access to it, in case you are asked for it.

Important information for all coaches

South African Coaching Framework (2010)
The SACF outlines the South African Governments eight year programme (2010-2018) to establish a long term plan for the development of coaching within South Africa. Its overall vision is to ‘create an effective, inclusive and cohesive coaching system that promotes transformation in and active and winning nation’ and its main objective is to have appropriately qualified and experienced coaches working with players at all (5) stages of their development.

The Government has provided a legislative framework, placing the responsibility of the education, continuous professional development and qualifications of coaches, with Sport and Recreation South Africa (SRSA), the South African Sports Confederation, Olympic Committee (SASCOC) and consultants from UK Sport. They are currently working closely with the South African Rugby Union to produce a National Coach Education Pathway/Framework, which will align with International best practice. The key feature of this work is the development of a model of Long Term Player Development (LTPD) which will be the reference document for all players and coaches.

The LTPD model provides an overall framework to allow for the development of players at all levels of participation.

The objective of the LPTD is therefore to provide the best possible rugby experience for all players as they move through their playing career and also, most importantly, to ensure that their training and playing experiences are appropriate to their developmental stages. (1-5)

The LTPD framework is player centered, providing 5 distinct stages of player capacity. These player capacities give direction for the South African Rugby Unions coach development department to design and promote rugby coaching courses at all levels with the understanding that all coaches should be appropriately trained and qualified to work with players at each stage.

This should result in all players being given the opportunity to maximize their potential, based on their own ability and ambition, whilst at the same time ensuring an elite performers pathway for those players who have the talent and aspirations to become professionals.

In addition, all rugby coaching qualifications will be linked to the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and Higher Education Sector.

The South African Rugby Union will provide a National Programme for Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) for coaches and coach educators.

All professional coaches (paid & voluntary) will have to comply with minimum standards in relation to Safety, (BokSmart) Child protection & Qualifications.

Coaches will also be subject to a licensing process and adhere to the Professional Coaches Code of Ethics and good practice.

Minimum standards for the deployment of coaches will be developed with employers, taking into account South African Employment Law.

The SACF recommends that the South African Rugby Union work closely with the International Rugby Board (IRB) in developing a coaching structure that is in tune with the needs of South African players and coaches and that the South African Rugby Union provides top quality coach educators delivering standardised courses throughout the country.

SARU National /Provincial Coaching Pathway

Coaching Course Level Course Content DurationCourse Assessment Entry Guidelines LTPD Stages
Mini rugby
KZN Pre-liminary

Basic principles/facets of the game/positional requirements/ Ind skills/organizational /referee signals/skills & drills

9 hrs Full attendance & course exam New coaches (p. School)
New coaches (development community)
Non rugby background
Sharks Kidz
Club junior/mini rugby
Stage 1
(The player – plays)
(The coach – guides)
(The game – Fun)
IRB Level 1
Understanding the game/The principles of play/Applying principles & skills to team performance/ Practice & planning/Risk management & ethics/The role of the coach/ Communication Minimum
9 hrs (2 x half days)
Full attendance
Course exam
Post course coaching diary
New coaches (with appropriate background & knowledge)
Current but inexperienced development coaches with pre-lim
Primary school coaches
High school coaches (up to U15)
Stage 2
Learn to play & practice
(The player – explores)
(The coach – teaches)
(The game structured)
IRB Level 2
Principles of attack & defence/Key factor analysis of skills/The relationship of principles of attack & defence to key factor analysis/Practice, planning, conducting skill development/Risk management & ethics/The role of the coach/communication Minimum 16 hrs
(4xhalf days)
Full attendance of all modules
80% pass rate in examination
Planning assessment
Practical assessment
IRB law exam
12 week coaching diary
High school (U15-U18)
Top primary school coaches
Top development coaches
Club coaches
IRB 1 + experience + diary
Stage 3
Train to train
(The player – focuses)
(The coach – challenges)
(The game – Performance)
IRB Level 3
Principles of identities & functional role analysis/ Team profiling & selection/Planning a season/Developing game plans & patterns of play/Risk management & ethics/Communication/Team & player strategies/Fitness, conditioning & nutrition/Laws/Sports psychology/Player preparation & match day logistics To be confirmed Attendance & participation in all modules
Competency in practical assessment
Course examination
By invitation from Sharks coaching dept. &/or recommendation by coaching associations
Potential to become provincial/HP coach
Premier club 1st XV/U20A
Director of rugby(top schools)
Provincial U16,U18,U19
IRB 2 + experience+ diary
Stage 4
Train to compete
(The player – specializes)
(The coach – facilitates)
(The game – Outcome)
Advanced HP/Elite/Professional
Elite long term development
Planning/Media & stakeholder responsibilities
Specialist workshops/seminars/clinics etc
On-going coach development Law examination
Written assignment
Season periodisation plan & coaching diary
By invitation
Potential professional coaches
Provincial U21
Currie Cup, Super 15, National teams
Stage 5
Train to win
(The player – innovates)
(the coach – empowers)
(the game – result)

By January 2013 – Government legislation will be in place to ensure that all coaches have the appropriate coaching qualification for the stage of player they are coaching (LTPD). The above minimum standards will apply.

Long Term Player Development


Players in this category are age-grade players (5 - 12 approx)
The capacities of young players dictate that most learning activities are best promoted through the medium of play. This theme does not just apply to modified games but also to reduced exercises and drill activities. Specific techniques and corrections can be integrated throughout the activity while still maintaining maximum participation and enjoyment. This will also ensure that players receive a positive and motivating experience.

To facilitate the needs and capacities of younger players the coach should act as a Guide, providing the environment for players to explore in a safe and exciting way. Corrections and guidance should be subtle and simple, dealing with issues in a broad rather than detailed perspective.

The end product should be a fun and safe experience. The emphasis is placed on open play (general movement) with all players running, passing and tackling. Younger players will continue to participate in activities that are enjoyable and rewarding. As players mature and develop greater capacities their needs and the demands of the game will also change.

Long Term Player Development


Players in this category are age-grade players (12-14 approx).
This stage the players’ capacities allow them to learn through exploring. Trying out new approaches, pursuing solutions and new experiences in a controlled environment will facilitate the development of the player. Individuals are capable of problem-solving and should be encouraged to express their opinions.

Due to maturation, the players are now capable of longer periods of concentration and attention; therefore teaching rather than guiding is more appropriate for accelerated learning. Knowledge of how to facilitate learning through understanding is critical together with skill development and progressions

With the capacity for greater understanding and technical competence the game develops from open play to a more structured format to include the development of basic unit play (restarts - forwards & three-quarters). The game is still fun, safe and enjoyable with ample running, passing and tackling

Long Term Player Development



Players in this category are two-fold; age-grade players (15-18) & adult club players. Age-grade players have the capacity to focus and therefore can increase their competencies radically with the correct attention & application. Greater self-awareness and responsibility are characteristics of players at this stage, which if nurtured will form the foundations for future realization and success. Players are highly competitive and foster a greater awareness of team spirit and common goals and values. Adult players (club) have similar technical and tactical competencies due to limited development, but have greater physical, mental and lifestyle capacities due to greater maturation and experience/achievement.

Given the greater capacities of players, the requirement for the coach is to go beyond teaching and challenge players to become more proficient and achieve higher standards of performance. Therefore the coach extracts a higher level of performance through appropriate challenges and application of pressure.

Even though players are now highly competitive and play in league & cup competitions the essence at this stage is precise performance of the individual, units and team in the pursuit of achieving goals. The game is clearly structured and cohesive, with a greater emphasis on the role of the units. However, to maximise development, the focus should be on performance in the pursuit of desired outcomes and results.

Long Term Player Development



Players in this category are two-fold; players (High performance 18-21 approx) & ‘top club players. Players have now committed themselves to rugby as their chief sport and are willing to invest a significant amount of time and energy to become successful. They are driven and are fiercely competitive with a greater capacity for all game related competencies. Players pay more attention to developing themselves as positional specialists in order to undertake their functional roles. With their increase in knowledge and maturity, players are capable of strong opinions and of taking greater responsibility while also contributing more towards problem solving.

Since the characteristics of players are such that they have the capacity for greater input, the role of the coach shifts towards facilitation. Allowing opportunity for opinions and problem-solving is critical if players are to develop confidence and relative autonomy. The coach will still need to employ teaching, challenging and guiding skills where appropriate, the emphasis should be on developing players’ ability to ‘navigate’ rather than ‘replicate’.

The game is fiercely competitive with positional specialists clearly influencing events, mini units & units well synchronised and team play concentrated on reducing error and maximising success. The focus is on achieving desired outcomes in respect to attack & defence goals (team, unit, mini-unit). For example, winning the lineout is more important now than thinking about the performance; however the essences of previous stages (performance, structured, fun) are all brought to bear in the pursuit of achieving the ‘outcomes’

Long Term Player Development



THE PLAYER - INNOVATES Players in this category are adult representative players.
These players have the capacity to go beyond the rehearsed repertoires, strategies and tactical solutions and innovate when the situation demands. Highly competitive and driven they should be excellent in their positional & functional roles as well as have the capacity to fulfill multiple roles in general movement play. They must have the ability to deal with the pressure of public expectation, interest and intrusion together with self-management and self-development.

The principles of adult learning together with the characteristics of champion athletes imply that coaches must release rather than restrict the potential of the players and other coaching staff, otherwise the potential for creativity and responsibility will be stifled. With player accountability comes player responsibility and relevant player control. For this to occur the coach must create an environment where trust and respect between all squad members is established while still maintaining ultimate responsibility for team performance and results.

This is the ‘business end’ of rugby, elite/professional sport is about winning and there’s not much consolation in losing. Analysing & exploiting opponent’s weaknesses while hiding and protecting your own weaknesses is a main characteristic of this stage. However, by consistently improving performance and achieving desired outcomes the incidents of winning will ultimately increase.

Proposed Regulations Pertaining to the Boksmart Rugby Safety Programme at all Levels of Rugby

1. A province, club, rugby body or school shall adopt these regulations, and amendments thereto shall only be permitted if it is more stringent on its members.

2. A province, club, rugby body or school must ensure that it complies with these regulations and must further ensure that it takes appropriate action to inform each and every one of its members of the terms of these regulations and the obligation to comply with same.

3. Any person who coaches a rugby team or assists in the coaching of a team in whatever capacity has to be BokSmart certified and licensed accordingly.

4. Any person who officiates as a referee, assistant referee or match official in a rugby match has to be BokSmart certified and licensed accordingly in order to officiate as such.

5. The referee, assistant referees, match officials, coaches, assistant coaches or any person alleging to be the coach and any person in a coaching role who intends to enter the playing enclosure during a match have to provide proof of their BokSmart certification to the match manager / secretary of the province, club, rugby body or school hosting a match.

6. If the referee or any one of the assistant referees are not BokSmart certified, or they cannot provide proof of their BokSmart certification, the match shall be abandoned for safety reasons, unless they can be replaced by level appropriate BokSmart certified match officials who can provide proof of BokSmart certification.

7. If the coach or the person alleging to be the coach, or any person acting in a coaching capacity for any of the participating teams, is not BokSmart certified, the match shall be abandoned.

8. Should a coach or the person alleging to be the coach, or any person in a coaching capacity allege to be BokSmart certified, but is not in a position to produce proof thereof, the match shall proceed subject thereto that such person(s) shall not be allowed on or next to the field of play during the match. They also have to produce their BokSmart certification licence to the match manager / secretary of the province, club, rugby body or school, as the case may be, on the first working day after the match.

9. The province, club, rugby body or school shall not be allowed to host any match without ensuring that the referee and assistant referees officiating in such matches and the coaches and assistant coaches of the participating teams are BokSmart certified.

10. The referee shall not allow any person, excluding players and qualified medical staff, on the field of play who is not BokSmart certified. The BokSmart certification has to be presented to the match official by the person intending to enter the playing field.

11. It is the responsibility of provinces, clubs, rugby bodies and schools to ensure that every referee, assistant referee, match official, coach and assistant coach affiliated to such province, club, rugby body or school are BokSmart certified and they shall keep a proper record thereof for auditing purposes by the province and / or SARU, and the Serious Injury Task Team (SITT) investigations, as the case may be.

12. The BokSmart certification shall be valid for 2 (two) years at a time, whereafter it must be renewed, subject to 13 below.

13. The BokSmart certification shall only be renewed after the successful completion of the latest BokSmart course. A 2-month grace period is provided after the expiry date on the licence card in order to undergo such course.

14. For every competition-, tournament- and/or league match played in accordance with the approved fixture list of the province, club, rugby body or school, the match referee has to submit an official referee’s report to the province or to SARU, whichever is applicable, indicating the BokSmart certification status of himself and other match officials within 72 (seventy two) hours of completion of the match.

15. The following shall be recorded on the referee’s report:
15.1 The Match Referee’s Full Names, contact number and BokSmart certification code e.g. BS-0000001
15.2 All Assistant Referees’ and Match Officials’ contact numbers, full names and BokSmart certification codes

16. For every competition-, tournament- and/or league match played in accordance with the approved fixture list of the province, club, rugby body or school, the match manager / secretary of the province, club, rugby body or school has to submit a report to the province or to SARU, whichever is applicable, indicating the BokSmart certification status of coaches and assistant coaches of the teams, and those, excluding players and qualified medical staff, who entered the field of play during the match within 72 (seventy two) hours of completion of the match. The full names, contact numbers and BokSmart certification codes shall be recorded on the report.

17. Any breach of these regulations shall be dealt with in accordance with the applicable Judicial and Disciplinary Regulations. The Judicial Officer, Judicial Committee, Appeal Officer or Appeal Committee shall apply the recommended sanctions as referred to in the applicable Judicial and Disciplinary regulations.

18. In addition to the recommended penalties prescribed by the disciplinary and judicial regulations, the following minimum penalties shall apply:
18.1. Should the referee or assistant referee officiate in a match without being BokSmart certified – 3 match suspension and shall remain suspended until they have obtained BokSmart certification.
18.2 Should a team participate in a match, without the coach or assistant coach being BokSmart certified – 3 match suspension of the coach and / or assistant coach and shall remain suspended until they have obtained BokSmart certification.
18.3 Should the referee allow any assistant referee to officiate in a match without being BokSmart certified - 3 match suspension of the referee.
18.4 Should a referee allow any coach, assistant coach or any official on the playing field who is not BokSmart certified – 3 match suspension of the referee.
18.5 Should the province, club, rugby body or school hosting a match either allow a referee or assistant referees to officiate in a match and / or allow such match to continue with coaches and assistant coaches of the participating teams who are not BokSmart certified – the province, club, rugby body or school hosting the match will be declared the losers and forfeit any league points or trophies (if applicable). The visiting team will be declared the winners and be awarded with maximum league points or be awarded with the trophy (if applicable).

19. These regulations will be enforceable from 1 January 2011.

For all Coaching, Development, Development Sponsorships or Refereeing queries, please contact Carol Reynolds 031 3088 400 or fill in the contact form below:


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